浙江保存最完整的古村the best preserved ancient village in Zhejiang
Back to the village was 643 meters above sea level, facing south, mountain water village, the hillside terrace entrenched prominent, rectangular, something more than 1200 meters long, 300 meters wide north-south, is a typical platform style of traditional villages. Yuankan was back to the village, high mountains and lofty hills, show the magnificent peaks, layer upon layer of peaks and knolls, and immersed in the The rosy clouds are slowly rising.. It was back to the village to create a barrier on the ground of heart surrounded by cliffs, it is at the foot of a river called Ann Liao river stream, the surrounding mountains and the village of organic compose together. The village is the mountain terraces, belonging to the "half water half minutes of cropland" is one of the typical mountainous rural areas, Songyang county has the largest ecological forest in several villages.
he village was one of the most complete villages in Songyang county. The main reason is the remoteness, traffic inconvenience, lack of information, 600 years in the village lived a sunrise and sunset of life. In the village, to retain the integrity of more than 30 buildings in the Qing Dynasty houses, Tang ancestral hall, the ancestral hall, the ancient, ancient, temple, school buildings, was released in 2011 for the historical and cultural village. The house is courtyard courtyard pattern, and a house, and all the exterior facades beam structure basically preserved the original traditional style. The house was back to the village in the row upon row of scattered and orderly, three Guan temple, the ancestral hall, Tang Shengshe, Tang ancestral hall, Tang Ge Zhou Temple was a font of irregular distribution from east to West in the village, the village has formed the central axis. The building is very simple and elegant, with Gao Hua Wu, also a small courtyard, garden, village farmhouse. The brick gatehouse, a richly ornamented building highlight luxurious, hangzhu, brick construction debris is also very simple. The village houses connected, the portal is the roadway height scattered, stone trail, extending in all directions. Especially in a flagstone road eye-catching, it built in Jiaqing fifteen years, winding through the whole village. Because the village pattern like beauty, so that a jade stone road. From Songyang tongxuan flat matsunobu ancient post road through the village, road, inn, and other traditional transportation system intact pavilion.
Back to the village is one of the representatives of Songyang wood carvings. A return to the village of wood carving is very exquisite, mainly in the construction of the beam bracket, Fang, sparrow, hanging down, windows and doors, corridors, etc., to the legendary animal, animal, flowers, Cordyceps as the theme of the sculpture, such as dragon, Phoenix, kylin, lion, elephant, tiger, crane, monkey, deer, cattle, horses, sheep, magpie, Yuanyang, rat, rabbit, chicken, duck, fish, bats, spiders, crabs, shrimp, snail, butterflies, dragonflies, bees, house lizard and so on, up to dozens of animal, they are vivid, vivid, lifelike. Details of the site are artisans skillfully exaggerated, for all kinds of animal carvings fresh vitality, achieve the vivid effect. Bamboo, orchid, peony, plum, lotus, chrysanthemum, pine, pomegranate, stria, branches and so on plant flower patterns, orderly carving in the construction of each building, plays an important role in the decoration. Some of the houses of the village wall painted with "Fu Lu" on the door wall murals, many buildings have a poem painting, retains more than and 10 plaques and wood for ages celebrity handwriting antithetical couplet. Many ancient houses lintel stone plaque writing elegant Juanxiu, from The Four Books and the Five Classics, Kuangfu justice, luck and profound thorough.
The long history has left Tang ancestral hall, the ancestral hall, temple, ancient, ancient houses and many cultural relics to the village. Now the village dozen blocks of ancient dwellings are arranged on both sides of the stone road, layout conditions, homeopathy, row upon row of houses connected portal, well-proportioned, different, decorated with stone and wood carvings, including the theme, good luck and Fuzheng quxie.
Tang ancestral hall in eighteen years of Qianlong (1753) built in the early, then after four repairs. The ancestral hall is located in the West Village, facing south, a rectangular plane, composed of hall, the main hall and the side rooms, single eaves mud wood structure, through 14 meters wide, 18 meters deep, covering an area of 251 square meters. The hall is arranged between the main hall hanging on the stage, "filial piety" and "Xiang Kui" ancient plaque. No eave column bracket, Bazimen wall axis provide six wood door, the door on both sides of a vertical mast on the stone. A hospital road hall before things open on both sides of the brick arch. The hall three earthwork grid floor, central patio stone laying on both sides of the pebble mosaic. Two in three room two hall car single eaves mud wood structure, hard hill, timber frame is simple, small, and the ground elevation 0.8 meters, ground floor. On the central axis of the open doors, before the hospital road, hospital road at the eastern end of the side doors, the Western Hall Institute of arches, the entire hospital road were laid pebbles. The East is also of real old political and private schools for the blind later. In the lobby of the design stage because of the age, the front board damaged. It is worth mentioning that the west wall painted with a 2 meters high and 3 meters wide, the huge painting China map (including Mongolia), the color rendering, especially eye-catching. This is the way to understand the outside world in the way of the backward rural areas.
The ancestral hall is located in the northern part of the village was back to the village, for the construction of the middle of Qing Dynasty, facing the south, a rectangular plane, from the main hall and the East and west sides of the composition of courtyard style, pass 12 meters wide, 12 meters deep, covering an area of 136 square meters, is a three Bay two car single eaves mud wood structure. Axis provide wooden doors, carved eaves column bracket is simple, the original concrete floor, laying gravel courtyard in the middle, four slating. Zongci structured layout, pattern of preserved.
ang Ge Zhou Temple is located in the west of the village on the hillside, built in the Qing Dynasty Jiaqing eleven years (1806). The temple sits northwest towards the southeast, a rectangular plane, through 8.3 meters wide, 11.2 meters deep, covering an area of 93 square meters, a three Bay single eaves mud wood structure. The roof of hard hill, yin and Yang Ming WA, the lifting beam, between Chuandou structure, five frame beam with step with before and after the column, the statue in the clay Tang, Ge, Wednesday people. Axis provide wooden fence door, hanging on the "Tang Ge Zhou Miao" plaque, hospital road paved pebbles. Tang Ge week, Ge Yong, collectively known as the Tang Hong Zhou Wu three people. Three per capita is the Western Zhou Li period admonisher, because Li brutal oppression of the people, and not on extort excessive taxes and levies, left the court, in the south of Wu for a long time, has done many good deeds, and to help the king of Wu Chu defeated. Later, three people died at the same time, people will go to heaven three according to legend, the magic strength has been called the Jade Emperor, Tianmen three. Don't forget the kindness of the folk, temple worship enshrined Teli dynasties, endless stream of pilgrims. Especially when the birth, the villagers are to the temple worship, hoping to prevent disaster for the world three general blessing.
Tang Sheng Temple located in the village of the main road, built in the Qing Dynasty, the south, the plane was a square, because the road from east to west from the agency through the building and a temple, the pavilion type east-west. Temple miankuo three, three column five purlin, the first North Fokan painted with the public image, image of the shrine at the top of the octagonal caisson, the middle ground stone, on both sides of the pebble laying, connected with the village road. In the old days, the temple of the village is the Convention of the dissemination of information, knowledge, and historical anecdotes about preaching sages Esther gathering place. The northwest corner of a Qing Dynasty twenty-nine years (1849) gambling monument. The monument to the first, green stone, 1 meters high, 0.5 meters wide, 0.08 meters thick, the title of "gambling monument" three words, words with a diameter of 0.07 meters, the inscriptions were incised script, described was back to the village of soup, two people surnamed song no gambling, gambling and other matters to persuade people so far. Still play the role of education.
Back to the village of 20 houses were built in the Qing Dynasty, facing the East, a rectangular plane, through 15 meters wide, 11 meters deep, covering an area of 117 square meters, is a single lane two car into five bay mud wood structure building eaves. A pair of green stone drum stool - ming. Axis provide Shikumen, carved stone lintel questions the amount of "Hong colourful cloud", eave column lines, Qu Xianwen carved corbels bamboo flower patterns, geometric patterns, flower window lattice door. Between the panes engraved with the bat, stork, Golden Rooster reported bamboo, peony, flower and bird pattern. The soil ground floor, stone paved courtyard. The door wall due to age-old damage has been repaired, flower window lattice window to the hatchback glass window.
Was back to the Village No. 31 houses built in the early Republic of China, facing the south, a rectangular plane, through 20 meters wide, 16 meters deep, covering an area of 328 square meters, is a courtyard style, into the five room two car roof mud wood structure building. Outside the station door book "Chang Gung Xi zhao". Axis provide Shikumen brick lintel, questions the amount of "south peak arch show" door in the amount of ink book "Shen Naijian de", on tile corbel jump. Eave column bracket and curve lines carved deer containing peony, carp, flower pattern, the lattice door glass, outside the plaid pattern with flower pattern. Both sides between the pane carved with bats, birds, rabbit, peony, peach, pomegranate, evergreen pattern. Dr. Chen Shou figure carved architrave. The ground is three earthwork lattice floor, terrazzo patio with circle Songhe map. Outside the hospital and outside the gate, the hospital road surface gravel.
Back to the village of 34 houses were built in the Qing Dynasty, facing the south, a rectangular plane, through 21 meters wide, 16 meters deep, covering an area of more than and 340 square meters, is a five room with double lane four car roof mud wood structure building. Outside the station door one brick script "Qiming greetings" four words. Axis provide Shikumen brick lintel, questions the amount of "Nanshan arch show". Before the corridor on the ship Peng Xuan Shi, Yan Zhu corbel carved lion, curve pattern of floral patterns, geometric patterns of lattice door, window, door wall ink painting plum, bamboo, the corridor hung "high de Shao", "Ci" pull the banner ", in consultation with three pieces of ancient Yue" plaque. Concrete ground floor, stone paved courtyard. Buildings due to the old age, floor, tile and other local damage.
Water is the main source of ancient village villagers' daily production and living water, and increased gradually in the distribution of ancient mountain roadside. Was back to the village of ancient wells located in the northern wells was back to the village road north, the former is higher, hundreds of people drinking water in the village. The water in winter and cool in summer. During the summer drought year all the village is water, water is inexhaustible. The built in the ancient Qing Dynasty, 2.5 meters deep. Well circle was round drum shaped, stone build, 44 cm high, circle diameter of 60 cm, diameter 38 cm, 11 cm thick. Wall stone pile, well ground for the block stone laying, close to the north side of the mountain, the mountain with a block of stone masonry, so as to avoid the collapse of the mountain mud.
November 25th release of the third batch of Chinese traditional village list, Songyang Lishui County on the 42, becoming the most finalists list of counties. Is back to the village is one of the 42 villages.