世界文化遗产西藏布达拉宫World cultural heritage Tibet Potala Palace

游玩攻略

  布达拉宫位于西藏拉萨市区西北的玛布日山上,是一座宫堡式建筑群,最初是吐蕃王朝赞普松赞干布为迎娶尺尊公主和文成公主而兴建。于17世纪重建后,成为历代达赖喇嘛的冬宫居所,为西藏政教合一的统治中心。

Potala Palace is located in Tibet Lhasa city northwest of Hongshan mountain, is a castle style buildings, originally built for Song Xan Gan Bbu Zanpu of Tubo Dynasty married Princess Bhrikuti and Princess Wencheng and. In seventeenth Century after reconstruction, become the Darai Lama's Winter Palace residence, Tibet theocracydominant center.

  布达拉宫的主体建筑为白宫和红宫两部分。整座宫殿具有藏式风格,高200余米,外观13层,实际只有9层。由于它起建于山腰,大面积的石壁又屹立如削壁,使建筑仿佛与山岗融为一体,气势雄伟。1961年,布达拉宫成为国家第一批全国重点文物保护单位之一。1994年,布达拉宫被列为世界文化遗产。

The main building of Potala Palace is the two part of the White House and the Red Palace. The entire palace with Tibetan style, 200 meters high, the appearance of 13 layer, 9 layer only. Because it was built in the hillside, a large area of the walls and stands as the buildings and hills as if cut, blend, imposing. 1961, Potala Palace has become the country's first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. Potala Palace was listed as a world cultural heritage in 1994.

  布达拉宫始建于7世纪松赞干布时期。十七世纪五世达赖喇嘛时期重建后,成为历代达赖喇嘛的住息地和政教合一的中心。主体建筑分白宫和红宫,主楼十三层,高115.7米,由寝宫、佛殿、灵塔殿、僧舍等组成。

Potala Palace was founded in seventh Century in the Song Xan Gan Bbu period. Seventeenth Century Darai V Lama after reconstruction, become the Darai Lama and theocratic information center. The main building of the red and White Palace, thirteen storey main building, 115.7 meters high, composed by the palace, temple, temple tower, sengshe etc..

  白宫横贯两翼,为达赖喇嘛生活起居地,各种殿堂长廊,摆设精美,布置华丽,墙上绘有与佛教有关的绘画,多出名家之手。红宫居中,供奉佛像,松赞干布像,文成公主和尼泊尔尺尊公主像数千尊,以及历代达赖喇嘛灵塔,黄金珍宝嵌间,配以彩色壁画,辉煌金碧。整个建筑群占地10余万平方米,房屋数千间,布局严谨,错落有致,体现了西藏建筑工匠高超技艺。布达拉宫是西藏政教合一政权的中心。1990年8月后重修。

The White House across the wings, for the life of the Darai Lama, a variety of hall corridor, beautifully decorated, beautifully decorated, the walls painted with the Buddhist painting, more than the hands of masters. The Red Palace is in the center, dedicated to the Buddha, like Song Xan Gan Bbu, Princess Wencheng and Nepal Princess Bhrikuti like thousands of respect, and the Darai Lama Lingta, gold inlay, with splendid color murals. The entire building covers an area of 10 square meters, thousands of houses, layout, well-proportioned, embodies the craftsman skill building in Tibet. Tibet Potala Palace is the center of the theocratic regime. Rebuilt after August 1990.

  布达拉宫依山垒砌,群楼重叠,殿宇嵯峨,气势雄伟,有横空出世,气贯苍穹之势,坚实墩厚的花岗石墙体,松茸平展的白玛草墙领,金碧辉煌的金顶,具有强烈装饰效果的巨大鎏金宝瓶、幢和经幡,交相映辉,红、白、黄三种色彩的鲜明对比,分部合筑、层层套接的建筑型体,都体现了藏族古建筑迷人的特色。布达拉宫是藏式建筑的杰出代表,也是中华民族古建筑的精华之作。

Potala Palace is built, buildings overlap, Saga temples, magnificent momentum, has turned out the gas through the sky, solid granite wall thickness of pier, matsutake flat PEMA grass wall collar, beautiful decoration Jinding, with a strong decorative effect, and a bottle of Campbell huge gilt prayer flags, Red Cross matched Hui, contrast white, yellow, three colors, and branch building, building layers of sleeve type, reflects the ancient Tibetan architectural feature charming. Potala Palace is an outstanding representative of Tibetan architecture, but also the Chinese nation for the essence of ancient buildings.

  布达拉宫,石木交错的建筑方式,宫殿本身所蕴藏的文化内涵,以及由经幢、宝瓶、摩羯鱼、金翅鸟做脊饰的点缀,使整座宫殿显得富丽堂皇。大殿内的壁画亦算是布达拉宫内一道别致风景,在这堪称巨型绘画艺术长廊内,既记载有西藏佛教发展历史,又有五世达赖生平,文成公主进藏过程。

Potala Palace, Ishi Ki staggered construction, the palace itself contains the cultural connotation, and ridge ornament embellishment by column, Aquarius, Capricorn fish, Garuda, the entire palace is magnificent. Hall murals are a unique landscape of the Potala Palace, in which called giant painting art gallery, which records the history of Buddhism in Tibet, and the life of Darai V, Princess Wencheng to Tibet process.

  宫殿的设计和建造根据高原地区阳光照射的规律,墙基宽而坚固,墙基下面有四通八达的地道和通风口。屋内有柱、斗拱、雀替、梁、椽木等,组成撑架。铺地和盖屋顶用的是叫“阿尔嘎”的硬土,各大厅和寝室的顶部都有天窗,便于采光,调解空气。宫内的柱梁上有各种雕刻,墙壁上的彩色壁画面积有2,500多平方米。

The palace was designed and built according to the plateau sunlight of wall wide and strong, have extensive tunnels and vents below the wall base. There are brackets, columns, beams and rafters, the sparrow house, consisting of supporting frame. Paving and roofing is hard soil called "Al Ga", top of the hall and dormitory have a skylight, for lighting, air mediation. In column beam with various carvings, colored murals on the wall area of more than 2 thousand and 500 square meters.

  宫内还收藏了西藏特有的、在棉布绸缎上彩绘的唐卡,以及历代文物。布达拉宫在1961年被列入全国重点文物保护单位,1989年进行了全面的修建。

Intrauterine is a collection of unique to Tibet, in the cotton silk painting Thangka, and ancient cultural relics. Potala Palace in 1961 was included in the national key cultural relics protection units, in 1989 a comprehensive construction.

  宫宇叠砌,迂回曲折,同山体有机地融合,这是布达拉宫给人最为直接的感受。其外观有13层,自山脚向上,直至山顶。整体建筑主要由东部的白宫(达赖喇嘛居住的部分),中部的红宫(佛殿及历代达赖喇嘛灵塔殿)及西部白色的僧房(为达赖喇嘛服务的亲信喇嘛居住)组成。

Yu Gong piled up, with the organic combination with many twists and turns, the mountain, the Potala Palace is the most direct feeling to people. Its appearance has 13 layers, from the foot of the mountain, up to the top of the mountain. The whole building is mainly composed of Eastern White House (Darai lamas live part), in the middle of the Red Palace (Buddha and the Darai Lama Lingta Palace) and Western White monk room (for Darai's services lama lama residence).

  藏历9月22日(公历11月6日)是西藏的“降神节”,传说在这一天之前刷的最干净的房间,在这一天会有神仙降临居住。每年布达拉宫都会首先开始粉刷宫殿,以崭新的面貌迎接降神节的到来。

the Tibetan calendar (the Gregorian calendar in November 6th September 22nd) is Tibet's "seance Festival", the legend on this day before the brush clean room, on this day will come to live fairy. Every year Potala Palace first began to paint the palace, meet the seance festival with a new look.

  门票·开放时间:

  旺季(每年的5月1日至10月31日)门票200,淡季(每年的11月1日至次年的4月30日)门票100。金顶门票10,珠宝展10,灵塔殿10。可以免费参观布达拉宫脚下的雪城景点。 旺季需提前1天到西门凭身份证领取预约券,第2天根据预约券所标的时间(提前20分钟)由正门(南门)进入买票参观,每天限票2300张。除节假日及重大活动外,布达拉宫每天上午9:00-12:00 下午15:30-16:30对游客开放

Tickets and open time:
Season (from May 1st to October 31st per year) 200 yuan per ticket, low season (from November 1st to April 30th the following year) 100 yuan tickets. Jinding jewelry exhibition tickets 10 yuan, 10 yuan, 10 yuan pagoda temple. You can visit Potala Palace at the foot of the Syracuse free attractions. Season 1 days in advance to Simon the ID card to receive booking tickets, booking tickets for second days according to the standard of the time (20 minutes earlier) by Front Gate (South Gate) to buy a ticket to visit, daily limit of 2300 tickets. In addition to holidays and major events, Potala Palace 9:00-12:00 pm every morning to open the 15:30-16:30

  交通概况:

  布达拉宫位于拉萨市中心,从游客集中住宿的北京东路可步行前往,出租车10,三轮车3~5可抵达。

Traffic survey:
Potala Palace is located in the center of Lhasa,, from the tourist accommodation of Beijing East Road can walk to the taxi 10 yuan, 3 to 5 yuan tricycle can be arrived.

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