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浙江古老的阶梯式村落Ancient ladder type village in Zhejiang

丽水松阳县新兴镇官岭村,2014年被列入第三批中国传统村落名录。官岭村是松阳县最具有代表性的阶梯式古村落之一,宽大的村落铺排在几座山峦上,给人以强悍的视觉冲击,倍感先人杰出的创造力。官岭村没有高官门第,没有商贾巨富,缺少豪屋深宅,也少有美轮美奂的雕刻和精美华丽的马头墙,尽管只是个一个寻常村落,但是村落完整地保留到了现在,收纳了各个时代的历史信息,成为这个类型古村落的活地图。光阴荏苒,世间已经发生了翻天覆地的变化,官岭村一切都恍若昨日,仿佛时间被吸附了,那些玄妙的往事已经隐没在官岭的沧桑古道中。

Lishui City Songyang County town of Xinling Village, in 2014 was included in the third batch of traditional Chinese village directory. Official Village is Songyang County, one of the most representative of the ladder-style old village, large village laying on several hills, giving a powerful visual impact, feel the ancestors outstanding creativity. Guan Lingcun no senior officials, no merchants wealthy, the lack of luxury housing, but also rare magnificent carvings and exquisite ornate horse head wall, although only an ordinary village, but the village intact to retain the present , Incorporating the historical information of each era, become the living map of this type of ancient villages. Time flies, the world has undergone enormous changes, Guan Lingcun all reminding us of scenes yesterday, as if time has been adsorbed, and those mysterious past events have been hidden in the official Ridge vicissitudes of the trail.

官岭村古树林

Guoling village ancient forest

官岭村“苦马瀑”

Official Village "bitter waterfall"

松阳境内的古树又以官岭村最具特色,黑压压地长满了樟树、红枫、香榧、柳杉、红豆杉、毛栗等各色树木,更多的是大片大片的竹林,风吹过,清脆的竹林左右晃动,节奏和韵律的一致性,让人产生一个错觉,仿佛山体跟着清风摇动着婀娜的身姿。

Songyang territory of the ancient trees and Guan Lingcun the most unique, darkly covered with camphor, red maple, Torreya grandis, cedar, yew, Mao Li and other colored trees, more large tracts of bamboo, the wind Over, crisp bamboo around shaking, rhythm and rhythm of consistency, people have an illusion, as if the mountain with the breeze shaking the graceful posture.

官岭村村景

Guan Ling village scenery

官岭,横樟岭,钓鱼岭,八索岭,午岭,燕田岭,一条条古道从松阳的古镇、古村延伸出去,那些由卵石、块石、青石条砌成的古道,或曲折,或细长,或宽阔,或陡峭,或平缓,或翻山,或越岭,如同藤条一样蜿蜒在田间地头,盘旋在高山峡谷,消失在深山老林间,它们编织出了松阳的交通命脉。松阳至今还保留着几条完整的古道,官岭就是其中一条。

The ancient Ridge, cross Zhangshan, fishing Ling, eight Suoling, Wu Ling, Yantian Ridge, a section of the ancient road from Songyang town, the village extends out of those pebbles, stone, bluestone section of the trail, or twists and turns , Or slender, or broad, or steep, or gentle, or over the mountains, or more Ridge, like rattan meandering in the fields, hovering in alpine valleys, disappeared in the deep forests, they weave the Songyang Of the traffic lifeline. Songyang still retains several complete trail, Guan Ling is one of them.

官岭村千年古道

Guanling Village Millennium Road

官岭村古石桥

Ancient Stone Bridge in Guanling Village

官岭村来源有几种说法,据《松阳县地志名》记载:最初村里有人做过官,村边有山岭,故名官岭。另一种说法,官岭是当官人走的道路,即官道或者驿道。也许两种说法兼而有之,历史有时候就是这样,一个很清晰的地名搀杂了多种的传说,反而变得似是而非。古时候进出松阳有五条通道,往北通遂昌,向西通宣平,朝东通丽水、云和,朝南通向龙泉。作为松阳县通往龙泉县交通要道中的一段古道,官岭保存得比较完整,长15里,路宽1到2米,大部分由鹅卵石和块石砌成。千百年来,小径上曾经走过衮衮大员和各式官员,走过挑着农作物的农夫,走过精于算计的商人,也走过清瘦的书生……小径仿佛被风吹向远方,不受羁绊地飞向山体的褶皱,一直飘向更加遥远的福建

Official Village sources have several claims, according to "Songyang County topography" records: the initial village was done officer, the village side of the mountain, named Guan Ling. Another argument, official Ling is the official when the road, that is, the official road or post road. Perhaps there are two kinds of argument, history is sometimes so, a very clear place names mixed with a variety of legends, but become specious. In ancient times there are five channels of access to Songyang, Suichang to the north, to the west through the Xuanping, east through Lishui, cloud, and south to Longquan. Songyang County as a gateway to Longquan County in a section of the main thoroughfare, the official ridge preserved relatively complete, long 15, the road zz of 1 to 2 meters, most of the pebbles and stone blocks. For thousands of years, the path has been through the Dagon officers and officials of all kinds, through the lug the crops of farmers, through the skilled businessman, but also through the thin scholar ... ... trails as if the wind to the distance , Unrestrained to fly to the fold of the mountain, has been drifting toward more distant Fujian

公路修通之后,古道渐渐地没落,一些古道完全被湮没了,从繁华过后回归到了孤寂。官岭和一些残存的古道还坚强地挺立着,它们组成了松阳的沧桑名词。与其他古道不一样的是,官岭古道上矗立着一个千姿百态的古村落——官岭村,更像是古道上的一个孤独的守望者,成为这条古道上访古探幽的最佳去处。

Road repair after the trail gradually decline, some trail was completely annihilation, and from the bustling after the return to the lonely. Official Ridge and some remnants of the trail is also strong standing, they formed the Songyang vicissitudes nouns. Unlike other trails are not the same, official Ridge Road stands a mix of ancient villages - official Lingcun, more like a lone guardian of the trail, as this ancient road to visit the best place to explore the ancient.

官岭村水口古树林

Guanding Village Shuikou old trees

官岭村的水口两侧山峦上长满了参天古木,远远望去,分明是群山的镜子,将所有的绿映照其中;近看,如同一块天然的巨大圭璧,将身后的官岭村遮掩得严严实实。

Guan Lingcun on both sides of the mouth of the hills covered with towering old trees, from afar, is clearly a mirror of the mountains, which will be all the green map; near to see, as a huge natural Guibi, will be behind the official Ridge The village is covered up.

松阳作为1800年的古老县份,古树名木自然能够体现出它古老的一面。松阳境内的古树又以官岭村最具特色,村落四周黑压压地长满了樟树、红枫、香榧、柳杉、红豆杉、毛栗等各色树木,更多的是大片大片的竹林,风吹过,清翠的竹林左右晃动,节奏和韵律的一致性,让人产生一种错觉,仿佛山体跟着清风摇动起婀娜的身姿。此时正值初冬时节,枫树红透了,一团一团的红色连接成片状,呈现出“霜叶红于二月花”的盛景,的确让人深深地陶醉。

Songyang as the ancient county of 1800, old trees can reflect the natural side of its ancient side. Songyang territory of the ancient trees and Guan Lingcun the most distinctive, surrounded by a dense village surrounded by camphor trees, red maple, Torreya grandis, cedar, yew, Mao Li and other colored trees, more large tracts of bamboo, Wind, clear bamboo around the bamboo shaking, rhythm and rhythm of consistency, people have an illusion, as if the mountain with the breeze from the graceful posture shake. At this time when the early winter season, the maple flush, and a group of red connected into a sheet, showing a "cream leaves in the February flower," the spectacular, really people deeply intoxicated.

官岭村古树林

                                                              Guanding Village Shuikou old trees

走进树林,随着林木越来越密集,光线渐渐地变得有些昏暗,远处丛林景致变得模糊,画面也变得虚幻,仿佛行走在水底,或者迷失在了深不可测的空间之中。林间充次着各种声响,风“沙沙”地响着,雨“淅淅沥沥”地落着,鸟类“唧唧喳喳”地叫着,虫子“啾啾”鸣着,各种自然界的声响组成一部交响乐。我向同行的官岭村支部书记陈火盛一打听,官岭村现存古树就有162株,其他树木多不胜数。官岭村的水口密布参天大树,加上水口两侧山脉的延续,官岭村成为松阳县境内古树最多的村落之一。这样的规模放眼整个浙西南也非常罕见,水口文化正是官岭村最大的价值体现。

Into the woods, as the trees become more dense, the light gradually becomes a bit dim, distant jungle scenery becomes blurred, the screen has become unreal, as if walking in the water, or lost in the unfathomable space . The forest filled with a variety of sound, the wind "rustle" to ring, rain "rhythm" to fall, the birds "chirp" cried, insects "tweeted" Ming, a variety of natural sound composition of a symphony . I peer to the official branch of the village branch secretary Chen Huo-sheng inquired, Guan Lingcun existing 162 existing trees, other trees are numerous. Guan Ling Village, the towering clouds, coupled with the extension of the mountain on both sides of the mouth, the village has become the official Songyang County, one of the oldest villages in the territory. This is the size of the entire southwest of Zhejiang is also very rare, the mouth culture is the official value of the highest official Village....

官岭村严格按照古代的风水学进行布局。水口是古村落非常讲究是一个区域,是村落溪流的出入口,它体现了村落的风水观念,古人在水口处种植大片茂密的树木,他们倍加珍惜水口树木,视之如生命,并代代相沿。官岭村的水口树能够如此大规模地保存下来的确是个奇迹,说明了官岭人受到了良好的宗族教化,坚信风水能够惠及子孙后代,也深深地懂得人与自然和谐相处的道理。山林和水是人生活中不可或缺的重要环节,天地人交织形成的互动气场,促进个人的修行,形成健康的心理。林泉之处,山水可以明目,可以净化空气,良好的环境则能使人生理健康。依山砍柴方便,靠水取水便捷,便利原则可以使生活更加协调。官岭村与山水自然地融合在一起,体现出“天人合一”的致高境界。

Guan Lingcun in strict accordance with the ancient layout of Feng Shui. Shuikou is very particular about the ancient village is a region, is the entrance to the village stream, which reflects the concept of village feng shui, the ancients in the outlet to plant large tracts of lush trees, they cherish the Shuikou trees, depending on the life and generations. Guanling Village Shuikou tree can be so large-scale preservation is indeed a miracle, indicating the official Ling people were a good clan education, convinced that feng shui can benefit future generations, but also deeply understand the harmony between man and nature truth. Mountains and water is an indispensable part of life, the interaction between heaven and earth formed an interactive gas field, to promote personal practice, the formation of a healthy psychological. Lin Quan, the landscape can eyesight, can purify the air, a good environment can make people physical health. Easy to cut firewood by the mountains, relying on water and convenient water, the principle of convenience can make life more coordinated. Guanling Village and the natural landscape together, reflecting the "Heaven" caused by high state.

官岭村负氧离子特别高,空气特别纯净,水质特别清澈,整个谷地浮着一层温润的湿度,所以官岭村长寿老人特别多。在村口,我遇见苏根女老奶奶,她刚刚从观音上香回来,老人的眼睛闪着水亮亮的光泽,仿佛山林中任意恣肆的绿流淌到了她的眸子之中。一问居然90高寿。我们和她告别的时候,老人握着我的手,那双手粗糙而又干瘪,她说:“别嫌弃老人手脏,我活了那么大年纪,可以送给你健康平安。”

Guanling Village, particularly high negative oxygen ions, the air is particularly pure, particularly clear water quality, the entire valley of a layer of moist moisture, so the village official longevity of the elderly in particular. In the village, I met Sugen female grandmother, she had just come back from the Goddess of Mercy Hong incense, the old man's eyes shining bright shiny water, as if any unrestrained green mountains flowing into her eye among the eye. I asked 90 actually longevity. When we said good - bye to her, the old man held my hand, his hands rough and shriveled, and she said, "Do not dislike the old man 's hand and dirty, I live so old and can give you health and safety.

听她这么一说,一行人纷纷上前和她握手,就这么一个简单的老人,留给了我们很多的思考,简单的生活,简单的追求,以一颗平常心看淡生活,她表现出的是一个普通官岭人的处世观,她平淡无奇的人生摆放在官岭的山水画卷中也变得绮丽起来。

Listen to her say, a pedestrian and she shook hands, so a simple old man, left us a lot of thinking, simple life, simple pursuit, to a normal mind see life, she showed Is an ordinary official ridge people's views of life, her bland life placed in the official landscape of the mountain landscape has become beautiful.

官岭村阶梯式村落

Guan Lingcun ladder village

一条逶迤而来的溪流将官岭村剖成两半,溪流上布满了累累怪石和绿滋滋的水草,村北一条白练似的山涧从山梁的褶皱处飞流而下,聚成一汪碧绿如翡翠一般的深潭,当地人称溪流为“苦马溪”、瀑布为“苦马瀑”、潭水为“苦马潭”。两条弯曲的小涧从山顶往下流淌,穿越整座村落,潺潺的水流声在村落中响起,使得沉寂的村落充满了生机。

A meandering stream from the official Lingcun split in half, the stream is full of numerous rocks and green Zizi plants, the village north of a Bai Lian like the mountain stream from the ridge of the ridge down, together into a Wang Green, such as Jade general pit, the local people called the stream as "bitter Ma Xi", waterfall as "bitter waterfall", the water as "bitter Tam Tam." Two curved small stream flowing down from the top of the hill, through the whole village, gurgling sound of water in the village, making the quiet village full of vitality.

走进官岭村,一座廊桥和一座石拱桥横跨在溪流上,如同抱拳相迎的主人,笑吟吟地恭立面前。村头村尾各有三座八字撑的石板桥,以及后造的水泥桥将村庄连成一个整体。官岭村以它独特的格局迎接每一个来客,我一下子就喜欢上了这个遮蔽在大山深处的村落。

nto the official Lingcun, a bridge and a stone arch bridge across the stream, as Baoquan greeted the owner, smiling in front of Kyrgyzstan legislature. Village end of the village have three eight-character support of the stone bridge, and after the cement bridge made of the village even as a whole. Guan Lingcun to meet its unique pattern of every visitor, I suddenly liked the shelter in the mountains deep in the village.

西侧的村落三三两两的建筑隐匿在竹林中,显得相当的安逸,烘托出山野人家的田园情趣。东侧村落坐落在一处坡面上,200余幢老屋,绝大部分是高低错落的泥墙建筑,夹杂着少量的木头板房,清一色的小青瓦阴阳合铺覆顶,它们搭积木一般,沿着缓坡层层向上,最大幅度地展现出了村落的面积。远远看去,如同一支整整齐齐的方队,披着乌黑的盔甲,排列成一个巨大的方阵,仿佛随着一声令下,这支队伍便会以排山倒海的阵势俯冲而来。

On the west side of the village in twos and threes of the building hidden in the bamboo forest, it is quite comfortable, express the rural people's pastoral fun. The eastern side of the village is located in a slope, more than 200 old houses, the vast majority of high and low scattered mud wall construction, mixed with a small amount of wood board room, all-inclusive small green tiles yin and yang co-roof, In general, along the gentle slope layer up, the most significant way to show the area of the village. From afar, as a neat square team, dressed in black armor, arranged in a huge square, as if with the order, the team will be overwhelming to the dive from the battle.

官岭村居民(

假如说杨家堂村是一幅油画、界首村是一副水墨画、黄上村是一幅版画,那么官岭村就是一张素描。官岭村一排排建筑层层向上拔高,后面房屋的泥墙略高出前面房屋的泥墙,后面房屋的屋面也略高出前面房屋的屋面,房屋一层层沿着缓坡向上爬伸。灰色的泥墙带正好处在黑色檐瓦带之间,黑色檐瓦又夹在灰色的泥墙中间,一条一条,一层一层,两种颜色平齐,伸展,交叉,过度,和美地搭配在一起。块状,条状,线状,各种线条有机地组合在一起,在山坡上拉开了一个空前开阔的横截面,村落就以这样威武的姿态展现在天地之间,给人以强悍的视觉冲击,倍感先人奇伟的创造力。这完全是一件艺术品,让人怀疑出自黄宾虹之手。

If Yang Jia Tang Village is a painting, Jieshou Village is an ink painting, yellow on the village is a print, then Guan Lingcun is a sketch. Official Ridge Village, a row of buildings upstairs layers of the building behind the mud wall slightly higher than the front of the house, behind the roof of the house is also slightly higher than the roof of the house in front of the housing layer along the gentle slope to climb. Gray wall with just in the black canvas between the black canopies and sandwiched between the gray mud wall, one by one, one layer, two colors flush, stretch, cross, excessive, and the United States with Together. Block, strip, line, a variety of lines organically together in the hillside opened an unprecedented open cross-section, the village on such a mighty posture to show between heaven and earth, gives a powerful vision Impact, feel the creativity of their ancestors Qiwei. This is entirely a work of art, people suspected from Huang Binhong hand.

清代建筑严格按等级规定:庑殿顶等级最高,用于佛殿、皇宫和孔庙等主要的建筑,象征无上的尊贵;歇山顶次之,用于宫殿、园林、坛庙式建筑和其他重要建筑;六品以下官吏及平民住宅的正堂只能用悬山顶或硬山顶,因此官岭村大部分建筑采用悬山顶或硬山顶。令人称奇的是,在众多的悬山顶和硬山顶建筑之外,我还意外地看到了多幢庑殿顶和歇山顶建筑,一个只有不到千人的村落,却聚集了中国传统的四种屋顶建筑模式,这让我困惑,难道是官岭村出过等级非常高的门阀世家吗?一问并非如此。这些建筑多为民国,也就是说,它们是在中国封建等级制度瓦解之后兴建的。风格众多的坡顶格局让我欣赏到了别具一格的建筑美感,这在其他村落中非常罕见,让我臣服于它独特的魅力。

If Yang Jia Tang Village is a painting, Jieshou Village is an ink painting, yellow on the village is a print, the Qing Dynasty in strict accordance with the provisions of the building: the highest level of veranda veranda, for the Buddha, the Royal Palace and Confucius Temple and other major buildings , The highest symbol of supreme; Xieshan the second, for the palace, gardens, altar-style architecture and other important buildings; six goods following the official and civilian residential hall can only be used to climb the top or hard top, Part of the building with a hilltop or hard top. Surprisingly, in many of the top of the mountain and hard top of the mountain building, I also accidentally saw a number of veranda and Xieshan Ding Dianding building, a village of less than a thousand people, but gathered the traditional Chinese four Kind of roof construction mode, which makes me confused, is it a very high level of Guan Lingcun out of the family? One question is not so. These buildings were mostly Republican, that is, they were built after the collapse of the Chinese feudal hierarchy. Style of many of the top of the slope pattern so I appreciate the beauty of a unique architecture, which is very rare in other villages, I surrender to its unique charm.

官岭村村景

在村落中有板房、吊脚楼、谷仓等众多的木头建筑,村落又多是防火能力相对较弱的悬山顶建筑,但是村落很少会发生火灾。环顾官岭村,笔架山、大木山、平头岗、交塘儿等众多的山峰簇拥着官岭村,最为突出的是一座叫大尖头的山峰,它坐落在村落南方的朱雀位上,官岭先人认为大尖头属火,他们在村北玄武位上挖掘了一口水塘,水塘和大尖头遥遥相对,以水用来克火,这样的设计能够保佑官岭村的平安。不知是谁为官岭村设计了这么一个奇特的风水布局?族谱中没有记载,村民的传说中也找不到蛛丝马迹。或许这是祖先在冥冥之中立下的功德保佑着村落的平安,或许这样的设计让村民心理得以最大宽慰,或许大尖头时时刻刻提醒村民防火是村落的第一要务,从而人人变得谨慎小心。其实,数百年积累下来的村民防火意识、防火措施的到位以及自觉用火才是村落平安的真正原因。

In the village there are board room, Diaojiaolou, barn and many other wood construction, the addition of the village is relatively weak fire capacity of the mountain building, but the village will rarely fire. Look around the official Lingcun, Beacon Hill, the wooden mountain, Ping Tou Kong, pay Tong children and many other peaks surrounded by Guan Lingcun, the most prominent is called a big tip of the mountain, it is located in the south of the village Suzaku bit, Their ancestors believed that the big pointed is a fire, they in the village north Xuanwu bit dig a reservoir, pond and big pointed distant relative to the water used to fire, this design can bless Guan Ling village peace. I do not know who is the official Lingcun designed such a strange feng shui layout? Genealogy is not documented, the villagers of the legend can not find clues. Perhaps this is the ancestors of the merits and demerits set up under the blessing of the peace of the village, perhaps such a design to allow the villagers to be the most relieved psychological, perhaps big tip always remind the villagers fire is the top priority of the village, so everyone changed Be careful. In fact, hundreds of years of accumulated fire awareness of the villagers, fire safety measures in place and consciously use the fire is the real reason for village peace.

官岭村是松阳县最具有代表性的阶梯式村落之一,宽大的村落铺排在几座山峦上,给人以强悍的视觉冲击,倍感先人杰出的创造力。官岭村没有簪缨世胄,鲜有达官贵人,少有商贾巨富,缺乏豪屋深宅,也没有美轮美奂的雕刻和精美华丽的马头墙,一切很陈旧,一切很颓势,尽管只是一个寻常村落,但是村落完整地保留到了现在,收纳了各个时代的历史信息,成为储藏在群山中的一张古地图。光阴荏苒,世间已经发生了翻天覆地的变化,官岭村一切都恍若昨日,仿佛时间被吸附了,那些玄妙的往事已经隐没在官岭的沧桑古道中。

On the weaker hilltop building, but the village will rarely fire. Look around the official Lingcun, Beacon Hill, the wooden mountain, Ping Tou Kong, pay Tong children and many other peaks surrounded by Guan Lingcun, the most prominent is called a big tip of the mountain, it is located in the south of the village Suzaku bit, Their ancestors believed that the big pointed is a fire, they in the village north Xuanwu bit dig a reservoir, pond and big pointed distant relative to the water used to fire, this design can bless Guan Ling village peace. I do not know who is the official Lingcun designed such a strange feng shui layout? Genealogy is not documented, the villagers of the legend can not find clues. Perhaps this is the ancestors of the merits and demerits set up under the blessing of the village peace, perhaps this design allows the villagers to be the most relieved psychological, perhaps big tip always remind the villagers fire is the top priority of the village, so everyone changed Be careful. In fact, hundreds of years of accumulated fire awareness of the villagers, fire safety measures in place and consciously use the fire is the real reason for village peace

官岭村陈氏宗祠

Official Lingcun Chen Ancestral Hall

官岭村是陈氏家族聚集村落,850余人口,95%以上的村民都姓陈,他们的先祖来自河南颍川郡。陈氏宗祠坐落在村口,坐北朝南,两进三开间,宗祠门前环绕着一条人工引水渠,仿佛玉带缠腰,寄托着对子孙后世的美好期待。宗祠门口有一个200平方米左右的小广场,广场上平铺鹅卵石,由于堆满了杂物,我无法看清那些密密匝匝的小石子拼成了什么图案。广场正中是一个巨大的铜钱,站在钱眼处,越过照壁,目光投射到更远处的山峦,一座元宝一样的山体正对着宗祠的大门,应对着“门对元宝好发财”的风水好兆头。

Guan Lingcun is the Chen family gathering village, more than 850 population, more than 95% of the villagers surnamed Chen, their ancestors from Henan Yingchuan county. Chen Ancestral Hall is located in the village, sitting south, two into the three-bay, the ancestral hall in front of an artificial diversion canal, as if jade belt wrapped around the waist, pinning on the bright future generations look forward to. Ancestral Hall door has a 200 square meters around the small square, the square tile pebbles, filled with debris, I can not see those Mimizaza small stones spell what pattern. The middle of the square is a huge coins, standing money eyes, over the wall, eyes projected onto the farther mountains, an ingot of the mountain is facing the door of the ancestral hall to deal with the "door on the ingot good fortune" feng shui auspicious .

陈氏宗祠始建于明代,400多年间,不断地修缮,宗祠集合了各个时代的建筑特征和风格,明代的柱础,清代的枋梁,现代的檐瓦。祠堂古朴大方,没有雕梁画栋,只有一方碑文延绵着村落数百年的文墨。宗祠中一些柱子引起了我的注意,那种丝丝活络的红线使得腰粗膀阔的柱子显得异常生动,这在其他村落的宗祠中非常少见。据村里的老人讲,原来当初整座宗祠全部用红豆杉为建筑材料,由于经历了历代维修,村里没有那么多粗壮的红豆杉可以替换腐烂的柱子,所以宗祠中也搀杂着糙木、硬木、香榧等木料的柱子。细细一数,宗祠现在还有十多根粗壮的红豆杉,如此名贵的树木支撑起这个毫不起眼的宗祠,的确让人感慨此地有藏龙卧虎之气象。

Chen ancestral hall was built in the Ming Dynasty, more than 400 years, continue to repair, ancestral collection of the various architectural characteristics and style of the Ming Dynasty pillars, the Qing Dynasty Fang Liang, modern eaves tile. Ancestral simple and generous, there is no Diaolianghuadong, only one side of the inscription of the village for hundreds of years of Wen Mexico. Some of the pillars in the ancestral hall caught my attention, and the red thread that made it so lively was so vivid that it was very rare in the ancestral halls of other villages. According to the village, the old man said, the original ancestral hall all the yew for construction materials, as a result of historical maintenance, the village is not so much stout yew can replace rotting pillars, so the ancestral hall is also mixed with roughwood, hardwood, Torreya grandis and other wood pillars. Thin number, the ancestral hall there are still more than ten root thick yew, so precious trees from the support of this humble ancestral hall, indeed people here feeling Hidden Dragon Crouching Tiger weather.

为了了解村落的历史,我决定到陈火盛家查阅族谱。跟在他身后,除了我之外,还有他家的一只成年大黄狗。我们走在高高低低的石头路上,沿着悠长的巷弄一路转折,最终推开一扇虚掩的门,接着又爬上了一处黑漆漆的阁楼,手电在阴暗的空间中划出一道道光圈,他摸索着打开了一个高大的柜子,小心翼翼地捧出一只方正的包袱。这是一块褪色的红布绸缎,落满了年代的胎记,显得古旧而沧桑。那本民国三十四年第四次重修的《官岭陈氏族谱》品相保存完好,虽然已经落满了黄色的斑点,依旧掩盖不住历史的生机。一本并不厚重的《官岭陈氏族谱》仿佛一封来自远古的信札,将数百年来云卷云舒的历史典藏期间,一翻开,便将来龙去脉交代的清清楚楚:“胜祖胜宗公自下川(玉岩下陈村)徙居官岭,是为我族第一世始祖焉”。胜祖系万历丙子年八月生(1576年),从中可以查阅出今天我们看到的官岭村始建于明代万历年间。陈氏的祖上为陈穆公,曾是唐末的太子太保,其儿陈永,官至御史中丞,卒厝于丽水乌石冈石牛(今属碧湖镇),后一路辗转迁徙到下陈村,再到官岭村。

In order to understand the history of the village, I decided to consult Chen Huosheng family genealogy. Behind him, in addition to me, and his family of an adult rhubarb dog. We walk on the rough stone road, along the long lane of a road turning, eventually open a door ajar, then climbed up a dark attic, flashlight to draw a halo in the dark space, he fumbled to open a tall cabinet, carefully holding out a founder of the burden. This is a piece of red cloth faded silk, covered in birthmarks, looked old and vicissitudes of life. The fourth time in thirty-four years rebuilt "Guanling Chen Genealogy" is well preserved, although it has been covered with yellow spots, still can not hide the history of life. This is not a massive "Guanling Chen Genealogy" like a letter from the ancient letters, history collection period, Yunjuanyunshu hundreds of years opened, will be a clear sequence of events: "win Shengzong from the progenitor (under Chuan Chen Cun Yu Yan Ju Guan Ling) is for my family, the first world ancestor yan". Sheng ancestral Wanli rat born in August (1576), from which can check out what we see today was built in the Ming Dynasty Wanli Guan Ling cun. Chen family Chen mu, was at the end of the Tang Dynasty Prince Taibao, his son Chen Yong, the official censor in Lishui, died in Ukraine Shihgang CuO Shiniu (this is a road, Bi Hu Zhen) after moving to Chen Cun, Guan Ling Cun to.

官岭村处处充满了谜境,官岭村的始迁祖及其子孙三代的坟地并不葬在风水独好的水口,也不葬在距离村落不远的祖山上,而是葬在了庄后村地界的山冈,在族谱中没有记载原由,后人中也找不到答案,这成了官岭村留下的伏笔。

Guan Ling Cun is full of mystery realm, Guanling village started to move the three generation and their descendants is not buried in the cemetery Zu Feng Shui water alone is good, not far from the village buried in the ancestral mountain, but buried in the hills of the Zhuang village boundary, reason is not recorded in the genealogy, people also find no answer, which became the foreshadowing left Guan Ling cun.

官岭村平水大王庙

Ping Shui Guan Ling Cun Da Wang Miao

官岭村最北处坐落着观音庙,村落中坐落着陈氏宗祠,村南坐落着社庙,三座公共建筑沿着苦马溪一字排开。社庙供奉着平水大王,也就是大禹。我们去的时候,社庙正在修缮,一个身材瘦小的工匠正站在脚手架上描画着祥云纹,一条弯曲有致的黑色线条正在他的笔下伸展。

The north is located at the village of Guanling Guanyin temple, located in the village of Chen ancestral hall, located south of the village temple, three public buildings along the river Swainsonia lined up. The temple dedicated to the flat water is king, yu. When we go to the temple is under repair, a diminutive craftsman is standing on the scaffold are painted on the Xiang Yunwen, a bend in the black lines are stretched under his pen.

进入的庙内,大禹的塑像端坐在正中,一股气定神闲的模样。松阴溪支流众多,沿溪的诸多村落都供奉着治水英雄大禹的雕像,庇佑村落不受水患袭扰。这尊大禹像与松阳众多的大禹像相貌基本相似,一副穿袍戴冠皇帝的形象,不同的是他左右两侧立柱上的对联,让人百思不得其解。左联:第一个字是“日”,第二个字是“日日”,是“明”的意思,第三个字是“晶”,第字个字是四个日字组合,后面三个是“普天下”。右联:第一个字是“月”,第一个字是“朋”,第三个字“朋”上叠了一个月,第四个字是两个“朋”叠在一起,古通“朗”,后面三个字是“定乾坤”。询问工匠,工匠憨厚地摇摇头,说不知道怎么读法?不知道这是什么意思?不知道谁写的?也不知道写于哪个年代?

Enter the temple, Dayu statue sits in the middle of a leisurely look. Shoin river has many tributaries, many villages along the river are dedicated to Dayu flood hero statue, blessing village from flooding over. This statue of the statue of Songyang and a large number of similar appearance is basically similar to a pair of wearing a gown to wear the crown of the emperor's image, the difference is that he left and right on both sides of the couplet, let a person can not think of its solution. The first word is "day", the second word is "day", "Ming", the third word is "crystal", the word is four words on the word combination, the latter three are the world "". Right: the first word is "month", the first word is "friends," third words "friends" on the stack for a month, the fourth word is two "friends" together, pass the ancient "Lang", behind the three words "moves". Ask the artisans, craftsmen and shook his head, said do not know how to read? Don't know what this means? Don't know who wrote it? Do not know in what age?

一个年长的工匠坐在小板凳上,正在专心致志地修补龙灯,村里准备以舞龙灯来庆祝修复社庙。他手头的朱红笔在龙身上点点画画,龙的鳞甲一片一片地生长而出。官岭村有着几百年的舞龙灯历史,村里的这条龙叫做“太平龙”,共十一节,村里有许多舞龙好手,陈火盛年轻的时候甚至到几十里开外的古市镇和西屏镇上舞过龙灯。官岭村的龙灯远近闻名,每年的正月就在官岭、庄后、山甫、朱山头、竹坌、外石塘、新坳后这一带村落中舞龙,他们以龙灯的方式祈求国泰民安,风调雨顺,五谷丰登。

A senior craftsman sitting on the bench, is dedicated to the repair of the dragon, the village is going to celebrate the dragon dance to repair the temple. He had Zhu Hongbi in the little dragon painting, the dragon's scales to a piece of land to grow out. Guan Ling Cun with hundreds of years of history of the dragon dance, dragon village called "Taiping dragon", a total of eleven sections, there are many dragon players in the village, when Chen Huosheng young even to the dragon dance over dozens of miles away and the ancient town of Xi Ping town. The famous Dragon Guanling village, dragon village in this area from January in Guanling, after Shan Fu, Zhu Shantou, Zhuang, bamboo, Ben Tong, the new depression after, they pray for peace and prosperity, the way to the dragon and a bumper grain harvest.

社庙的一角摆放着一付轿子,坐着一尊神像,一身官员扮相,一脸安详地看着我们。陈火盛告诉我们,村里还有延续祭祀“洞主相公”的习俗,这个看上去面相相当清秀的相公居然是个女儿身,陈火盛也不知道相公的真实名字,只留下了一长串语焉不详的传说。据说祭祀活动倒是很精彩,从留下的祭祀行头来看,也相当齐整,一组清代流传至今的八仙法器和宫廷兵器,雕刻得精致巧妙。我们可以想像的到,锣鼓声响,青红皂白的彩旗飞舞,刀枪剑戟排列整齐,“洞主相公”坐在轿子上,走村串巷,微笑地将平安送进千家万户。

In a corner of the temple to put a chair, sat a statue, one official appearance, a face quietly watching us. Chen Huosheng told us, and continue to worship "hole master Messire" custom in the village, the surface looks quite handsome husband is actually a daughter, Chen Huosheng did not know all the real name, leaving a long string of vague legends. It is said that it is a wonderful festival, from the left worship is quite neat, wardrobe, a group of Qing Dynasty has been eight artifact and court weapons, carved exquisite. We can imagine a percussion sound, the hows and whys of a matter flags were flying, daoqiangjianji neatly arranged, "hole master Messire in sedan chairs, go from Village Lane, smile will bring peace to thousands of households.

官岭村悠长的雨巷

Guan Ling Cun long lane

两条纵向的主干道,三条横向主干道,中间穿插着无数的支线,形成了无数的巷弄。官岭村所有的道路采用块石和卵石铺砌,卵石与墙基交接处长满了苔藓,悠悠的青光如同一条条时间长廊,通向不可预知的未来。

Two longitudinal trunk road, three transverse main road, interspersed with numerous branches, forming a myriad of lane lane. All the way by Guan Ling Cun of block stone and gravel, gravel and wall transfer overgrown with moss, like a long green light time corridor, leading to unpredictable future.

雨中的官岭巷弄出奇地静,这种静一下子就将你推回到历史深处,这种感觉又恰恰和心灵暗合。我在逼仄的巷弄中悠转,恰巧与一撑着粉红色雨伞的女子擦身而过,我怕自己的雨伞碰上了她的雨伞,赶紧将雨伞举高,想不到女子也将雨伞高高举起,伞与伞碰撞,让我看清了她的脸蛋,丁香一般的姑娘,俊俏可人,挽着长发,女孩很动人,眼珠清澈如水,流淌着一丝忧郁气质,很容易打动男人的心。她轻巧一笑,我不禁有些愕然,仿佛一些轰轰烈烈的往事在时光镜像里浮现。

The Guanling lane was strangely quiet, the quiet of a sudden will push you back to the depths of history, this kind of feeling and mind exactly coincide. I am in the cramped alleys you turn, with a pink umbrella propped by the women's passing, I'm afraid his umbrella hit her umbrella, the umbrella will quickly raise, that woman will umbrella aloft, the umbrella and the umbrella collision, let me see her face, the lilac girl, bright red, his long hair, the girl is very touching, eyes as clear as water, flowing with a melancholy temperament, is very easy to move the hearts of men. She has a smile, I can not help but some surprise, as if some of the events in time with vigour and vitality into the mirror.

官岭村民居院落(虎哥摄)

她快速从我身边掠过,细碎的鞋音在巷子里回响,她的背影在窄窄的巷子里蓦然定格。那张十分精致的眼脸,让我不敢回想。悠然间,我的心被忧伤捅了一下,仿佛进入戴望舒的《雨巷》:撑着油纸伞,独自/彷徨在悠长,悠长/又寂寥的雨巷/我希望逢着/一个丁香一样地/结着愁怨的姑娘......

She quickly swept past me, fine shoes echoed in the alley, her back in the narrow alley suddenly stopped. That very delicate eye face, let me not dare to recall. Leisurely, my heart was sad touched, as if into Dai Wangshu's "Rain Lane", holding an umbrella, / alone wandering about the long, long Solitary lane in the rain / I hope to meet a / Lilac / endofchou yuangirl......

转过多重巷道,看到一把粉红色的雨伞搁在一扇花格窗下,我看见了雨伞的主人,依旧是那个姑娘。斗胆问候一下,原来是来自武汉大学美术系的大学生,在“乡村798”的安排下来到官岭村写生。一座古村落成为她眼里的风景,她又成为烘托古建筑的元素,华丽的身姿渲染了建筑阴暗的场景,使得古老的建筑呈现出一派明媚。

Turn multiple roadway, see a pink umbrella in a lattice window, I saw the umbrella owner, is still the girl. To say hello, originally from the Fine Arts Department of Wuhan University students in the "798 rural" arrangements down to Guan Ling Cun sketch. A village to become her in the eyes of the scenery, she became contrast ancient architectural elements, gorgeous posture rendering building dark scenes, the ancient buildings showing a bright.

这样的场景中,我真想砍下官岭村的一根竹子,制作一枝箫,就在这悠长悠长的窄巷里吹出一曲淤积已久的苍凉。我想通过这一枝竹管将古村的沧桑历史以音符的方式吹开,那就是江南的雨,天井里的春花,窗格上的秋月,青瓦上的冬雪,以及女子丁香般地轻笑。

Such a scene, a piece of bamboo and I really want to cut down the production of a Guan Ling Cun, Xiao, in this long narrow alley blew out a long deposition of desolation. I think this one will be the village of bamboo through the vicissitudes of history to note the way blown open, that is the Jiangnan rain, in the courtyard of the flowers, the pane on the moon, green tiles on the snow and clove like a woman.

古道是精华,古树是精魂,古村是精髓,古巷是惊艳。悠长的雨巷,为这个古老的村落增添了一些可供幻想的通道。女子丁香般地轻笑,为这个神秘的地方多出了新的神秘性。

It is the essence of the ancient spirit, ancient village is the essence, Gu Xiang is amazing. Long lane in the rain, add some of the available fantasy channel for this ancient village. Clove like woman chuckled, as this mysterious place a mysterious new.

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