Travel Tips:four major Classical Gardens in Suzhou
Good garden in Suzhou, people lamented the gardening and nature Art beats nature. fine, known as the "garden city". Suzhou gardens with well-known, far and near King reduction techniques, give a person with big artistic effect, won the "garden city" reputation of Suzhou. As a typical example of the classical gardens of Suzhou Humble Administrator's Garden, Lingering Garden, lion park and the mountain villa, the heyday produced in the development of Suzhou private garden, Suzhou garden the natural beauty of its artistic conception, to build a sophisticated, artistic and elegant, rich cultural connotation and become a number of classical gardens in Suzhou model and representative.
In Humble Administrator's Garden, Lingering Garden, lion park, mountain villa as the representative of the classical gardens in December 1997 was included in the "world cultural and natural heritage list" (2000 additions Canglang). The lion forest, park, garden art, garden retreat as a world cultural heritage. The Canglang Pavilion, Lion Grove, Humble Administrator's Garden and Lingering Garden respectively represent the style of garden art song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties four, known as the Suzhou "four gardens", at the same time in the Chinese ten garden column.
one of the four major gardens in Suzhou: Canglang Pavilion
Suzhou's oldest garden, Originally, It is Wu Yue Guangling Wang's pond. Canglang Pavilion to quiet ancient known for the financial park in the rockery and garden outside the pool in one, between the rockery and the pool, separated by a complex Gallery, Gallery wall has a flower window, through leakage, communicating within the mountain water . It is said that the whole garden has 108 kinds of flower window styles, pattern pattern change greatly, structure for the exquisition, it is a typical. ofSuzhou garden window .
Canglangting is the main scenic spots to the core of the mountains, surrounded by columns of buildings, pavilions and undulating corridors and the use of water outside the park, through the leaks on the complex corridor osmotic effect, communication Park, outside the mountains, water, Water, pool shore, rockeries, pavilions into one.
Park is main for stone landscape, the mountains and ancient trees, the mountain chisel a pool, between the landscape to a winding corridor connected. Canglang Ting Lin Qingchi outside, curved column corridors, old trees, stacked stacked lake stone. Known as "Canglang water through the ages of a career, Canglang Pavilion who, the garden of water also." Garden stone hills in the mountains hovering, verdant trees, Indocalamus bamboo cover, vine vine hanging, wild flowers clusters, simple nature, the scenery Cangrun such as true mountain forest.
Garden Aspect: 1, Canglang Pavilion is said to have 108 kinds of garden window style, group patterns varied, compact structure, Suzhou garden window is a model. 2, Canglang booths planted a lot of bamboo, a variety of bamboo has become a Canglang Ting a major feature.
Garden Tickets: High season: 20 yuan (April 16 to October 30) off-season: 15 yuan (October 31 to April 15 the following year)
开放时间：10月31日-次年4月15日 07:30-17:00;4月16日-10月30日 07:30-17:30
Opening hours: October 31 - April 15, 07: 30 - 17: 00; April 16 - October 30 07: 30-17: 30
Address: Canglang Ting Street, Soviet Union on the 3rd
Bus to reach: take 1,5,27,39,101,102,103,218,261,308,309, travel 2, 4 travel, you can reach the 5-way
2, one of the four gardens in Suzhou: Lion Grove
Lion forest is located in the garden road, also known as "five-song", and Zhuozhengyuan across the street. One of the four famous gardens in Suzhou, has been 650 years of history. Want to join a woman to help increase the micro signal: the hospital to many rockery, strange shape of the famous, and thus "rockery kingdom," said. Lion Rock is much smaller than the Humble Administrator's Garden, open area of less than 1 hectare. Lion forest southeast mountainous, northwest water, surrounded by high walls and deep houses, surrounded by curved corridors. To the central pool as the center, stacked hill house, flower planted trees, bridge set up booths, making the whole park layout compact, full of "close to the mountains" mood. Qing Dynasty scholar Yu Yue praised the Lion Grove "five complex five anti-see, nine on the nine downstream is not full." Contemporary garden expert Tong Jun commented Lion Rock "rockery ring, boarding down not to mention, Qiu Wan Wanzhuan, fans like palindrome."
The main point: the Lion is worth a look at the stone stacked with Taihu stone, there are maze-like rockery, there are a lot of people like it.
Garden Tickets: Off-season: 20 yuan (October 31 - April 15) High season: 30 yuan (April 16 -10 30)
Opening hours: April 16 - October 30 07: 30 - 17: 30; October 31 - April 15 07: 30-17: 00
Garden Address: Gushu District Garden Road on the 23rd
Bus to reach: You 1, 2, 5 line travel, 202 Road, 313,923,529,178 Road, 301 Road, 305 Road.
3, one of the four major gardens in Suzhou: Humble Administrator's Garden
there are many gardens inSuzhou, if only want to visit one, the most important is Zhuozhengyuan, and now I think Humble Administrator's Garden is the most beautiful garden I have ever visited, it is like a beautiful picture, best in the spring The occasion of the summer, the garden are infiltrated by green everywhere, blossom, beautiful .
It was founded in the Ming Zhengde four years (1509), for the Ming Dynasty Hongzhi Jinshi, censor Wang Xianchen abandoned the official home, in the Tang Dynasty tortoises and mansions to the Yuan Dynasty temple site built. The garden to take the Jin Dynasty writer Pan Yue "Fu" in the "built room planting trees, Happy compliment ... ... irrigation garden vend vegetables, for overnight meals, ... ... This is also a humble person for the government also" sentence meaning, this park Named Humble Administrator's Garden.
Humble Administrator's Garden is Suzhou's largest classical garden, covering an area of 78 acres. Its layout presents a narrow north-south, east-west long features. Park to see the water wins, highlighting the Jiangnan Water Village style, elegant and generous, natural lang. All kinds of ancient building mostly water and build, patchwork, no one identical. Garden is divided into East, Central and West parts, each with its own characteristics, especially the central garden, the basic style of the park to maintain the simplicity of the Ming Dynasty garden, the most elite of the park. The main attractions of the park are Lan Xue Tang, Yuan Xiang Tang, Xiang Zhou, thirty-six mandarin duck Museum, which "North Temple Tower by King", "bridges fly" has become a garden.
Zhuozhengyuan and Lingering Garden, Beijing Summer Palace, Chengde Mountain Resort and known as China's four famous gardens. It is the largest and most famous one in Suzhou gardens. It is listed in the World Cultural Heritage List, which is a classic of Chinese private garden.
Humble Administrator's Garden area is divided into East, West and three parks and garden museum four parts. East Park mainly to the Ming Dynasty Wang Xinyi a design of the "home garden Tiangu" mainly open and cheerful, but most of the existing landscape is new, most of the tour guides are only the area; the park is the essence of the park where the area One-third of the surface of the water there is a poly, the water and the building Pavilion Pavilion pavilions scattered, concentrated expression of the characteristics of the southern landscape "visitors who stand no matter what point, always a perfect picture"; West Park The pool was curved-shaped, and the central area of large pool phase, the part of the sub-Zhi Li exquisite luxury, corridor ups and downs do not have fun.
It is worth mentioning that the Humble Administrator's Garden travel all seasons, spring view of Rhododendron summer view of Lotus, autumn view of Lotus winter view plum. But because Zhuozhengyuan built by water, there will be water in the summer lotus, called scenic spots.
Garden Aspect: water known, natural elegance, courtyard scattered, flowers and trees to win
Garden Main attractions:
East: Lan Xue Tang, decorated Yunfeng, Hibiscus pavilion, Tianquan Pavilion, Hong Xiang Museum;
Central: far Xiang Tang, Xiangzhou, Hefeng four booths, see Hill House, a small rainbow, loquat orchard;
West: thirty-six mandarin duck Museum, reflection floor, and who sit with Xuan, water gallery and so on.
Recommended route: Eastern → Central → Western
East: Lan Xue Tang → Hibiscus pavilion → 秫 Hong Pavilion → Hanqing Pavilion
Central: (eastern and central with a very long complex corridor separated)
Far Xiangtang → small Feihong → dry boat Xiangzhou → Hefeng four booths → listen to the rain Xuan → snow fragrant cloud Wei Ting
Garden Tickets: Off-season: 50 yuan (October 31 - April 15) High season: 70 yuan (April 16 -10 30)
Opening hours: 7: 30-17: 00 (17:15 Qingyuan, 17:00 stop ticket sales)
Garden Address: No. 178 Northeast Street, Suzhou
Bus Route 529, Tour 1, Tour 2, 313, 40, 202, 923, 178, 5, 301, 309 and 518 to Suzhou Museum (Humble Administrator's Garden) , Lion Grove) station, walk 100 meters east that is to.
follow the tour guide. Humble Administrator's Garden has a deep cultural heritage, although with the tour guide but also understand the fur, but not with the tour guide is absolutely regrettable. In order to save, you can usually rub the free tour guide.
Peak holiday a lot of people, but the daily noon time to go after the tour, there will be a relatively small period of time. More convenient and detailed tour.
The garden uses hand-held electronic tour guides, which can be rented at the entrance.
There is a video of the Humble Administrator's Garden and a tour guide map of Chinese, English, Japanese and Korean, which are available for free viewing.
one of the four major gardens in Suzhou: Lingering Garden
Same with Zhuozhengyuan, are one of China's four major gardens, and Zhuozhengyuan different styles, known for architecture, Lingering Garden building is very interesting, listening to the tour guide to explain in detail, will find that the ancient architecture of the original so many. Lingering Garden is China's large-scale classical private garden, the park pavilions, Kistler Gallery, plus the park's green and a blue water pond, a step King, delicate but not stingy. Here, you can experience a flat landscape between the landscape atmosphere. Garden was built in the Ming Wanli twenty-one years (AD 1593), "Taibusi Shaoqing" Xu Tai's private garden, was called "East Park." Qing Emperor Qianlong was the end of Liu Shu, after the expansion was renamed "Han Bi Villa", called "Liu Garden." Qing Guangxu early years, the official gentry Shengkang bought the park, renamed "Lingering Garden." The park is divided into four parts, in a garden can enjoy the landscape, pastoral, forest, garden four different views. Central to water features (small ponds) known around the distribution of ponds can be small pavilion, far Chui Court, Quxi floor, etc .; the eastern courtyard of the courtyard to win the building, there Jiaqingyuyu fast snow pavilion, Guan Yunlou dozens of architectural sketches, known as "leaving garden Sambo" Guan Yunfeng (Taihu Shi), Nan Mu Hall and fish fossils are in the east.
The north and west of the park are relatively open. North with rural scenery, and a new bonsai garden; the whole park is the highest in the park, there are wild, surprising to rockery. The southern culmination of the pond and the Minser House are the main buildings of the Lingering Garden. Garden is located in Suzhou, Chang Yuen Road outside the park, was built in the Ming Dynasty, dating back more than 400 years of history, Suzhou is one of the representative of the garden, because the garden name Liu named Liu Garden, later changed to " Lingering Garden". Park left the original East and West Park, West Park was opened after the monastery, is now the West Park Rong Temple. Although the park is less than the Humble Administrator's Garden, the atmosphere is deep, but pay more attention to the use of space, integrated Jiangnan gardening art, known for building structure, good use of size, straight, shading, height, retractable and other cultures, drawing around the scenery, the formation of A group of layers of rich, scattered linked, rhythmic, color, there is contrast to the space system.
Lingering Garden Ruin: Guan Yunfeng, Nan Mu Hall, fish fossils
Garden Tickets: Off-season: 30 yuan (October 31 - April 15) High season: 40 yuan (April 16 -10 30)
Opening hours: March 21 - October 15 07: 30 - 17: 30; October 16 - March 20 07: 30-17: 00
Garden Address: No. 338, Yuen Road
Bus arrival: take a tour, travel 3, 5-way tour, 6,7,22,33,44,70,85,88,91,317 Road Park Station to get off.
Small and exquisite, Journey Into Amazing Caves, there is no Humble Administrator's Garden of the sea of people.
2) 旺季各亭会有 “吴歈兰薰”演出活动。
Each season there will be "Wu Lan Lan Ka" performance activities
art knowledge of Suzhou garden
The Classification of Suzhou Garden
Private Garden: Canglang Pavilion, Lion Grove, Humble Administrator's Garden, Lingering Garden, Nets Garden, Arts Garden, Central Xiu Villa, Park
Buddhist Garden: North Temple, West Park, Hanshan Temple, Twin Towers, Temple Ruiguang
Royal Garden: Tiger Hill (King Wu tomb tomb), Lingyan Hill (King Wu palace)
The Characteristics of Suzhou Gardens
Pay attention to the layout of the pavilions Xuanxie: pavilions Xuanxie in the layout of "never pay attention to symmetry", with a natural beauty of the layout of the United States
Pay attention to the level of close-range vision: the clever use of flower walls and porches, so that the Suzhou garden looks more level, deep scenery, the scenery is not glance in front of people, but the successive exposure, you can enjoy the scenery for the fun, Aesthetic enjoyment is more profound.
Pay attention to the combination of rockery pond: rockery stack of natural interest, people forget it as a rockery. Marsh is "most of the reference live water" is because the living water is interesting. "Some garden pond spacious ... ... often arrange the bridge", two or more bridges, not the same, in fact, is to avoid symmetry, pay attention to the natural interest. Such as stone shore, "always high and low flexion of its natural", also arranged a few stones or planted flowers. These arrangements, making Suzhou gardens in the rockery and the pond although from the artificial, but it can be like heaven, which is the landscape in the garden by the pursuit of the realm.
Pay attention to the background of flowers and trees: flowers and trees against the background of the same "focus on painting in Italy." Flowers and trees planted pay attention to the patchwork, but also take into account the changes in the season; pruning techniques are taken from natural, such as "pagoda like pine and cypress", "parade-like roadside tree.